Graeme Swann - who took the final wicket in last year’s Ashes series - and Alastair Cook - who took the catch - have donated the ball used at the Oval to the MCC Museum.
After a famous victory at Lord's, England went into the fifth Test at the Oval needing another victory.
They took the new ball after 84 overs of Australia's second innings with the visitors on 278 for 5.
Within 20 overs they were all out.
Swann had the dangerous Brad Haddin caught by Andrew Strauss and Steve Harmison accounted for the majority of the tail.
That left Mike Hussey as the only recognised batsman, at the crease with number 11 Ben Hilfenhaus.
Swann, the popular off-spinner, put an end to Hussey’s rearguard century innings as the batsman turned the ball towards Cook, who took a sharp catch at short-leg.
Amidst all the excitement, as England celebrated winning back the Ashes, Cook smartly pocketed the Ashes-winning ball.
Ashes in the Museum
The famous ball joins:
The shirts worn by Andrew Strauss and Cook in their record England opening partnership against Australia (196 runs) at Lord’s during the 2009 Test
The cap that Harold Larwood wore during the ‘Bodyline’ tour in 1932-33
And, of course, the famous Ashes Urn itself
Preserving cricket history
Swann explained: "I think it’s important to preserve as much of cricket’s history as possible.
"Cricket’s a great sport, Lord’s is a great ground and I’m just pleased I can do my bit to get my name in the museum alongside all the other great names from the past."
Adam Chadwick, Curator of the MCC Museum said: "It’s good to know in this day and age players still care enough about the history of the game to donate items to be enjoyed by future generations who will visit the museum.
"I’d like to thank Graeme and Alastair on behalf of both MCC and also the 65,000 people who visit the museum each year."
Tickets to the MCC Museum are £7.50 for adults and £5 for concessions - or the Museum is visited as part of the Lord’s tour which is £14 for adults and £8 for concessions.