In 1974 Warwickshire and England's Dennis Amiss struck 188 against India to help set up an innings-and-285-run victory as Mike Denness' side took an unassailable two-nil lead in the three match series.
It was Amiss's only Test century at the Home of Cricket as he set about India's bowling attack on pitch tailor-made for batting.
It was a beautiful day, a beautiful wicket
After Denness had won the toss and elected to bat, Amiss strode out with Test debutant David Lloyd.
The Lancashire opening batsman and captain had been preferred to Yorkshire's Geoffrey Boycott for the Lord's Test. Boycott had managed only 16 runs in his two innings for the series opener at Old Trafford.
England's new opening partnership got off to a good start as the duo put on 116 for the first wicket before Lloyd was snaffled at short leg by Eknath Solkar off the bowling of Erapalli Prasanna.
But it was to be India's only success on day one as Amiss and John Edrich put on 221 for the second wicket.
Amiss remembers his 188
Wisden recalled an innings of pure class: "Amiss excelled in masterly cover drives and, partnered all day by a left-hander, he completed his hundred in three hours, twenty minutes."
"It was a beautiful day, a beautiful wicket and I got cramp at the end of the day," he told Lord's TV.
"We had to have the medics on the field and I don't think that went down too well! All the medics on the field trying to give me lots of salt tablets."
Amiss finished the day on 187 not out and was determined to push on past his double century, yet the milestone eluded him.
"I came down the next day and unfortunately I didn't add too many to my overnight score. I was looking hopefully to try and get two hundred and go on and get as many as a I could.
"I got out very early on, the legs weren't moving as well as they should have been."
If he had achieved a double hundred, it would have made him only the second batsman to score a double century at Lord's against India.
In 1946, Joe Hardstaff Jr hit 205 not out in a ten-wicket victory for England. Both Graham Gooch (333 in 1990) and Kevin Pietersen (202 not out in 2010) have managed the feat since Amiss's attempt in '74.
The rest of the Test was very much a procession as England - who were too strong for Ajit Wadekar's side that summer - completed the victory in emphatic style by bowling India out for just 42 in their second innings.