Arthur Shrewsbury became the second batsman to score a century at Lord's when he hit 164 for England in their victory over Australia in 1886.
Batting at three, Shrewsbury - known as one of the best batsman of the 1880s - entered the crease following the dismissal of W.G. Grace with England's scoreboard reading 27.
Shrewsbury went on to spend 411 minutes at the crease for England, hitting 16 fours in his impressive century before his being caught by George Bonner off the bowling of John Trumble.
England's score of 353 proved too much for Australia, with the hosts going on to win by an innings and 106 runs.