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Law 12 - Start of play; cessation of play

THE LAW

12.1 Call of Play

The bowler’s end umpire shall call Play before the first ball of the match and on the resumption of play after any interval or interruption.

12.2 Call of Time

The bowler’s end umpire shall call Time, when the ball is dead, at the end of any session of play or as required by the Laws. See also Law 20.3 (Call of Over or Time).

12.3 Removal of bails

After the call of Time, the bails shall be removed from both wickets.

12.4 Starting a new over

Another over shall always be started at any time during the match, unless an interval is to be taken in the circumstances set out in 12.5.2, if the umpire, walking at normal pace, has arrived at the position behind the stumps at the bowler’s end before the time agreed for the next interval, or for the close of play, has been reached.

12.5 Completion of an over

Other than at the end of the match,

12.5.1 if the agreed time for an interval is reached during an over, the over shall be completed before the interval is taken, except as provided for in 12.5.2.

12.5.2 when less than 3 minutes remains before the time agreed for the next interval, the interval shall be taken immediately if

either   a batsman is dismissed or retires

or        the players have occasion to leave the field

whether this occurs during an over or at the end of an over.  Except at the end of an innings, if an over is thus interrupted it shall be completed on the resumption of play.

12.6 Last hour of match – number of overs

When one hour of Playing time of the match remains, according to the agreed hours of play, the over in progress shall be completed.  The next over shall be the first of a minimum of 20 overs which must be bowled, provided that a result is not reached earlier and provided that there is no interval or interruption in play.

The bowler’s end umpire shall indicate the commencement of this 20 overs to the players and to the scorers.  The period of play thereafter shall be referred to as the last hour, whatever its actual duration.

When the minimum number of overs have been bowled in the last hour, further overs can be started only if the original time for the close of play has not been reached.  See 12.7 and 12.8.

12.7 Last hour of match – interruptions of play

If there is an interruption in play during the last hour of the match, the minimum number of overs to be bowled shall be reduced from 20 as follows.

12.7.1 The time lost for an interruption is counted from the call of Time until the time for resumption as decided by the umpires.

12.7.2 One over shall be deducted for every complete 3 minutes of time lost.

12.7.3 In the case of more than one such interruption, the minutes lost shall not be aggregated; the calculation shall be made for each interruption separately.

12.7.4 If, when one hour of Playing time remains, an interruption is already in progress

12.7.4.1 only the time lost after this moment shall be counted in the calculation.

12.7.4.2 the over in progress at the start of the interruption shall be completed on resumption and shall not count as one of the minimum number of overs to be bowled.

12.7.5 If, after the start of the last hour, an interruption occurs during an over, the over shall be completed on resumption of play.  The two part-overs shall between them count as one over of the minimum number to be bowled. 

12.8 Last hour of match – intervals between innings

If an innings ends so that a new innings is to be started during the last hour of the match, the interval starts with the end of the innings and is to end 10 minutes later.

12.8.1 If this interval is already in progress at the start of the last hour then, to determine the number of overs to be bowled in the new innings, calculations are to be made as set out in 12.7.

12.8.2 If the innings ends after the last hour has started, two calculations are to be made, as set out in 12.8.3 and 12.8.4.  The greater of the numbers yielded by these two calculations is to be the minimum number of overs to be bowled in the new innings.

12.8.3 Calculation based on overs remaining:

- At the conclusion of the innings, the number of overs that remain to be bowled, of the minimum in the last hour, to be noted.

- If this is not a whole number it is to be rounded up to the next whole number.

- Three overs, for the interval, to be deducted from the resulting number to determine the number of overs still to be bowled.

12.8.4 Calculation based on time remaining:

- At the conclusion of the innings, the time remaining until the agreed time for close of play to be noted.

- 10 minutes, for the interval, to be deducted from this time to determine the Playing time remaining.

- A calculation to be made of one over for every complete 3 minutes of the Playing time remaining, plus one more over if a further part of 3 minutes remains.

12.9 Conclusion of match

12.9.1 The match is concluded

12.9.1.1 as soon as a result as defined in Laws 16.1 to 16.4 and 16.5.1 (The result) is reached.

12.9.1.2 as soon as both

the minimum number of overs for the last hour are completed

and the agreed time for close of play is reached,

unless a result is reached earlier.

12.9.1.3 in the case of an agreement under Law 13.1.2, as soon as the final innings is completed as defined in Law 13.3.5.

12.9.2 The match is concluded if, without a conclusion having been reached under 12.9.1, the players leave the field for adverse conditions of ground, weather or light, or in exceptional circumstances, and no further play is possible.

12.10 Completion of last over of match

The over in progress at the close of play on the final day shall be completed unless

either     a result has been reached

or           the players have occasion to leave the field.  In this case there shall be no resumption of play except in the circumstances of Law 16.9 (Mistakes in scoring) and the match shall be at an end. 

12.11 Bowler unable to complete an over during last hour of match

If, for any reason, a bowler is unable to complete an over during the last hour, Law 17.8 (Bowler incapacitated or suspended during an over) shall apply.  The separate parts of such an over shall count as one over of the minimum to be bowled.

© Marylebone Cricket Club 2017

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